Sulfuric acid[ edit ] There is something fishy about the sulfuric acid story. However, according to the dates in Wikipedia, Geber died about 50 years before Al-Razi was born. What is the real story?
However, many historians believe that Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi is the greatest physician of the whole era.
Al-Razi — also known as Rhazes or Rasis — was born more than years prior to Ibn Sina and was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist and philosopher. Al-Razi was an oud player, a poet, a goldsmith turning to alchemy, finally moving towards medicine and philosophy after the age of forty.
His major achievements in medical science, practice, teaching and writing, took place within a span of only 20 years which highlight his incredible ingenuity. Al-Razi lived in an era when science was more about guarding and interpretation of what ancestors had said, done or written.
At the time when he was famous for alchemy, it was very hard to find critical thinkers. And that is the reason his writings give the reader the tools to identify the superiority of his ideas in comparison to his ancestors.
His most famous book in medicine is Kitab al-Hawi fi al-tibb The Comprehensive Book on Medicine with twenty-five volumes.
The extent of disagreement with his ways was such that the famous Persian polymath scholars and historians Ibn-Sina and Abu Rayhan Biruni later criticised some of his beliefs in philosophy.
Biruni also introduces al- Razi as his mentor and even in his history book, in a short biography of Razi, introduces his numerous works.
He wrote more than books in different fields of science such as medicine, pharmacology, mathematics, astronomy, alchemy, theology and philosophy. He died at the age of sixty.
In an undated catalogue of the library at Peterborough Abbey, most likely from the 14th century, al-Razi is listed as the author of ten books on medicine.
He was the first physician who described the differences between smallpox and measles. The encyclopaedia of Britannica has identified his diagnosis as the most trustworthy statement about the disease — the symptoms were clearly described, its pathology explained by a humoural theory, and directions given for its treatment.
Al-Razi also was the first physician to introduce allergy and asthma, and the first to write a book dedicated to paediatric diseases. He was the first physician to use humours and emphasised the influence of diet on health and balance. His method was to treat all diseases first with diet, then with simple drugs and if not effective, with complex drugs.
He believed that if a physician could cure his patient with diet, then he could find the real taste of happiness. Al-Razi was an alchemist first. He discovered many compounds and chemicals including alcohol, sulphuric acid and kerosene.
He can be called the father of modern chemistry especially as he was the first person to categorise all compounds into metals and semi-metals. Thanks to his alchemy background, al-Razi also contributed to pharmacology in many ways.
He derived many compounds and alkaloids from plants and used them as drugs for his patients. Just like modern pharmacology, he used to try his drugs first on animals, and if successful, then on humans.
He was the first physician to insert experiments into the medicine. He discovered alcohol and denatured it for use as a disinfectant. Al-Razi had many students.
In scientific circles, questions would have been put to his students. The first circle would try to answer, if not successful then the second, third and so on.
And only if the questions were not answered by his students would al-Razi himself address the issues.Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (– CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine.
Or from Muhammad ibn Zakariyyab al-Razi. Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (Persian: ابوبكر محمّد زکرياى رازى Abūbakr Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes (/ ˈ r ɑː z iː z /) or Rasis; – CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of attheheels.com also wrote on logic, astronomy and grammar.
Aug 23, · Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (Persian: ابوبكر محمّد زکرياى رازى, translit. nastaliq Abūbakr-e Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis) ( CE – CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine.
Muhammad ibn al-Laith al-Rasa'ili whose opposition against alchemists was disputed by al-Razi. Ahmad ibn al-Tayyib al-Sarakhasi (d. AH/ CE), was an older contemporary of al-Razi. Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi Al-Razi was one of the greatest eastern scholars, he made a lot of contributions which have a great impact on eastern society and many sciences.
He was born in Rayy, Iran in the year AD ( AH), and died there in AD. [This is most, but not all of the paper, which you can read here.. Abiotic proponents believe that the earth is always producing fossil fuels so we don’t need to worry about peak oil (peak production) or running out of oil and natural gas.