Funeral Rites of Ancient Rome Funeral customs are as old as civilization itself. Indeed, every culture and civilization ever studied appears to have some form of funeral ritual, including a sacred place for those who have died and some means of memorializing their death. Moving beyond these basic commonalities, however, funeral rites differ significantly. Among the most elaborate of all burial rituals are those that were practiced in ancient Rome.
The ancient Greeks and Romans viewed death in a complex manner. While their death rituals had many similarities, the meaning of death and the afterlife varied between the two cultures. Additionally, they believed that the manner in which a person died said a great deal about him or her.
Finally, the ways in which both Greeks and Romans viewed death still have ramifications to this day. Both cultures routinely cremated their dead, according to the Museum of Art and Archaeology at the University of Missouri.
Although both cultures also buried their deceased, archeological evidence suggests that cremation played a much more prominent role. For the Romans especially, the practice became so widespread that a fifth-century decree forbade Romans from cremating their dead within the city limits.
Burial Rituals The Greeks and the Romans shared similar rituals when it came to burying their dead. In both cultures, the bodies of the dead were cared for. Loved ones washed and prepared bodies for funeral rites, which included a time when friends and family members could come and view the body.
Women typically performed these rituals. Funerals featured dancing, singing and prayer. The custom of making the gravesite beautiful after the funeral was also common in both cultures.
According to Illinois Wesleyan University, death as entertainment actually began as a funeral ritual. Wealthy people living in Roman society used gladiatorial-style games as a representation of man fighting against death and losing. Eventually, these funeral rituals gained widespread popularity.
Usually, those who died in the games were slaves, although Roman citizens became gladiators as punishment.
People of both genders and from all social classes participated. It was a pessimistic place. Once the soul reached Hades, the god of the underworld, also called Hades, determined if the soul of the dead went to heaven, known as the Elysian Fields, or hell, known as Tartarus. However, until the Classical age, in the fifth and fourth centuries B.
These beliefs developed later along with funeral rituals and memorials.Funeral Rites of Ancient Rome Funeral customs are as old as civilization itself. Indeed, every culture and civilization ever studied appears to have some form of funeral ritual, including a sacred place for those who have died and some means of memorializing their death.
Among the most elaborate of all burial rituals are those that were. The ancient Greeks and Romans viewed death in a complex manner. While their death rituals had many similarities, the meaning of death and the afterlife varied between the two cultures.
Additionally. Kids learn about the housing and homes of the people of Ancient Rome including homes in the city, insulae, private homes, typical rooms in a Roman house, villas in the country, and fun facts. An Analysis of Housing and Burial Rites in Ancient Roman Civilization PAGES 3.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ . Funeral rites took place at home and at the place of burial, which was located outside the city to avoid the pollution of the living.
The These rectangular tombs resembled the Ancient Roman's house structure, having doors, and many different chambers. Sep 25, · Ancient Egyptian burial customs ancient Egyptians had an elaborate set of burial customs that they believed were necessary to ensure their immortality after death.
These rituals and protocols included mummification, casting of magic spells, and burial with specific grave goods thought to be needed in the afterlife.