Introduction The scientific study of the causes of delinquency and crime has been historically guided by theory. A good theory is said to provide a foundational lens through which to interpret and understand the manifestation of a behavior.
Term Papers Tagged With: Crime 6 pages, words The film also presents a critical question of which law is closest to a consensual perspective of justice: It reveals an Aboriginal perspective, which allows them to define and apply their own version of deviance onto white Australia with the colonial period.
The predominant theories throughout the film however are Biological Positivism and Marxist Criminology. The Europeans view Aboriginals as an inferior race, which would accord with Biological Positivism perspective. Biological Positivism posits that crime is not the choice of the offender.
Positivists believe that behaviour is determined and shaped by forces, which are outside the control of the individual. Lombroso proposes that Aboriginals are born with atavismwhich is defined as a biological throwback characterised by atavistic stigmata.
Atavistic stigmata is in turn characterised by re-emergence of primitive traits such as narrow forehead, protruding cheek plus jawbones and also large lips and ears. Lombroso even went so far as to suggest that dark hair and skin, which are aboriginal characteristics, are fundamental elements, which make a person criminal.
Biological theories suggest genetics have a big part to play in The strengths of biological theories are that one may observe previous generations and make Overall, dispositional and biological personality theories give one a lot of insight into personality, The movie from a European perspective conveys the theory that racial inferiority equates to criminality.
However the movie deviates from the positivist approach, which argues that responses to crime should be orientated towards individualised treatment.
Indeterminate sentences should be imposed which take into, account the nature of the act committed and the classification of the offender.
Throughout the movie, the fanatic deals out retributive punishment to all Aboriginals, which he encounters. It should be noted that the Fanatics response to crime is not associated with any criminological theories, indeed his form of punishment is racially motivated and is more akin to that of a hate crime.
This raises the issue that one must be wary of dispensing inproportional, punishment. It should be noted that although racism is not relevant to any criminological theoryrace is a relevant factor in criminological theories.
The movie also depicts inter-racial conflict, oppression, unequal class relations and racism. These depictions represent Marxist characteristics as Marxist criminology views crime as a manifestation of social conflict, structural inequality and differential treatment.
As crime in Marxist perspective is defined as the adverse affect upon the interests of the powerful social classesthis would seem to suggest that the activities of the police during the filmperpetually maintain unequal social relations.With a focus on empirical evaluation and practical application, Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application, Seventh Edition, helps students draw connections between criminological theory and practical attheheels.coms: 5.
Criminology has since the ’s been associated with sociology; there are some connections also between biological and psychological theories of crime and this association carries on today. I would describe criminology as the process of preventing, understanding and controlling crime.
In criminology, examining why people commit crime is very important in the ongoing debate of how crime should be handled and prevented. Many theories have emerged over the years, and they continue to be explored, individually and in combination, as criminologists seek the best solutions in ultimately reducing types and levels of crime.
Here is [ ]. Project MUSE – Criminology Goes To The Movies Criminology Goes to the Movies. Crime Theory and Popular Culture. Nicole Rational Choice Theories and Double Indemnity. begins with the film’s protagonist, Walter Neff, mortally wounded and confessing to murder.
Application of criminology theories to movies Essay Sample. The film also presents a critical question of which law is closest to a consensual perspective of justice: the fanatic or trackers? The Origins of Criminology: A Reader is a collection of nineteenth-century texts from the key originators of the practice of criminology – selected, introduced, and with commentaries by the leading scholar in this area, Nicole Rafter.