Where can I get more information? What is autism spectrum disorder?
Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Theories of Vygotsky Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Theories of Vygotsky 2 February Autism Research over the past decade has acknowledged the impacts of characteristics and life-functioning for individuals on the Autism spectrum disorder and interventions essay spectrum.
Models of support or interventions strategies have been researched but little, or limited practical or resourced models appeared as accessible for families of older youth.
The intention of this research paper was to investigate a specific activity group for youth on the autism spectrum. The group runs concurrently with a parent group and is funded through a respite funding provision. The research identified three main themes that delineate the activity group as relationships, successes and issues.
We will write a custom essay sample on Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Theories of Vygotsky or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER Using a mixed methods design, eighteen individuals were surveyed to ascertain their opinions on the activity group and four individuals with varying roles in the group were interviewed to discover what the participant considered were the best aspects of the group for them, why the group worked, what might change and if they had any suggestions for group activity or structure.
The sociocultural theory of Lev Vygotsky and the work of psychologist Dr Tony Attwood were also examined to establish links between theory and practice in the understanding of the social implications of Autism Spectrum Disorder. It is estimated that Autism occurs in approximately individuals in every people, and Aspergers syndrome in [at least] 1 individual in every people.
Interestingly, there are four times as many males as females diagnosed with autism and 10 times as many males as females diagnosed with Aspergers syndrome. Attwood believes this may be because of different social interaction strategies used by females.
His work as a clinical psychologist in the disability sector specifically working with individuals on the autism spectrum is acknowledged by his peers and valued by researchers, families and organisations.
American Psychiatric Association, cited in Attwood, Key Words Autism spectrum disorder, Aspergers syndrome, youth, adults, activity groups, parent supports, interventions, social integration.
Introduction When writing about the children with a disorder later named for him, Hans Asperger stated: Indeed their behaviour in the social group is the clearest sign of their disorder.
Attwood, p Themes Three main themes have emerged in the search of the literature in relation to groups and family support for youth on the Autism spectrum. The first theme identified by the research literature is the importance and breadth of support for the young people on the Autism spectrum; and of that provided for their families.
While in the research described by Jennes-Coussens, Magill-Evans and Koning about Quality of Life factors for 12 young men with Asperger syndrome, using mixed methodology surveys and interviews a high dependence on the support of their families was observed, with the majority still living at home or requiring significant assistance with independent living skills.
Therefore while there is some acknowledgement that the support of family is vital for the survival and accomplishments of young adults on the autism spectrum, there is either limited or no documented research on provision for that support either for the individuals or their families.
A second premise in the literature is the mixture of intervention techniques or methods used to mediate the social difficulties experienced by youth and adults on the Autism spectrum ASD.
Weidle et al and also no research across the lifespan Barnhill, ; Woodgate et al, With the increased impacts of isolation as the person on the Autism spectrum ages, however, recommendations for supportive practice are limited, and most emphasis appears to be on hidden reliance on family for generic support across all life domains, without provision or available resources to support that reliance.
The third motif identified by the literature are the impacts of a lack of peer relationships and supportive environments for individuals children, youth and adults on the Autism spectrum. These impacts can be as diverse as complete social isolation to mental health issues such as depression and anxiety.
Lifestyle impacts can be lack of familial independence, mal-employment choices and substandard housing. Literature describes Barnhill ; Jennes-Coussens et al ; McLeod, that it is possible, with support, to acquire skills to mediate social interaction, although each research paper has a different methodological approach to the skill acquisition process.Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a growing disorder that affects 1 in children in the U.S.
Autism can be defined as a disorder in brain developments that can cause a lack in motor skills. Motor skills progress throughout the life span creating growth in the human brain, thus allowing the child to grow developmentally and physically. Autism Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is defined as disorders characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.
Autism begins in very early brain development, although it doesn’t usually surface in children until the age of two or three years old. Autism Spectrum Disorder Pharmacologic Interventions Renee Ingram Chamberlain College of Nursing NR Health and Wellness Fall Autism is a developmental disorder that affects those areas of the brain that deal with social and communication skills.
Autism Spectrum Disorder and Interventions Words | 5 Pages Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that develops during a child’s first few years of life (Lesack, Bearss, Celano, & Sharp, ).
Oct 10, · Autism spectrum disorder is diagnosed by clinicians based on symptoms, signs, and testing according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, a guide created by the American Psychiatric Association used to diagnose mental disorders.
- The Argumentative Essay The issue of whether or not children with autistic disorders should be main-streamed, or placed in the same classrooms as non-autistic children, has been a very real concern for quite some time.
Autism Spectrum Disorder Interventions - Introduction In , one in every one hundred and fifty children was diagnosed.