Rahim Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia nzairah utm. The purpose of this research is to obtain students perceptions on how their use of social networking sites influence their academic performance.
Giovanni Martinotti, University G. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.
No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract In recent years, there have been increasing accounts of illegal substance abuse among university students and professional groups in Malaysia.
Students from Malaysian universities were asked for their impressions about drug availability and abuse, as well as factors contributing to drug abuse and relapse. The questionnaire also inquired into their knowledge and views regarding government versus private rehabilitation centers, as well as their Effects of social network on malaysian to, and views about, school-based drug-prevention education.
Participants were university students from five Malaysian states: Results showed gender differences in perceptions of relapse prevention strategies, as well as factors leading to drug abuse and relapse.
Students also believed that drug education would be more effective if initiated between the ages of 11 and 12 years, which is slightly older than the common age of first exposure, and provided suggestions for improving existing programs.
Implications of student perceptions for the improvement of current interventions and educational programs are discussed. Acknowledging the importance of drug abuse and relapse as a public health issue, the Malaysian government has implemented a number of programs aimed at curtailing drug distribution as well as improving drug-treatment programs.
Starting fromthe National Anti-Drug Agency NADA undertook efforts to transform their existing rehabilitation programs to a so-called open-concept approach.
Rather than focusing solely on compulsory rehabilitative treatment for convicted drug offenders 3the open-concept approach provides drug users with the opportunity to receive treatment voluntarily at local community service centers without facing legal judgment or prosecution 4.
This new approach was aimed at allowing relapsed users to seek treatment while continuing with their life and career 5while also encouraging drug users with the motivation to change, to seek treatment voluntarily with no legal consequences.
Moving forward, to effectively deal with drug abuse, it will be important to get a clearer picture of the problem as it stands in the current social context. The transformation of Malaysian society to a more modern and globalized culture has caused much of the existing research on drug abuse to become out-dated.
Past research studies and national statistics showed the highest proportion of drug users among general laborers, followed by workers from service industries, agriculture, fisheries, and sales. The unemployed came in fifth place, in terms of occupational hierarchy among drug users 6 — 9.
Drug users, in other words, were portrayed as from lower socioeconomic strata, often resorting to crime to fund their habit. Recent reports, however, suggest that drug users come from many different backgrounds, with white collar workers, civil servants, college students, and adolescents all represented in significant numbers Findings from the longitudinal College Life Study CLS conducted in the University of Maryland found that there was widespread use of illegal substance with Working professionals with high-stress jobs and burnout such as social workers, doctors, and nurses are at equally, if not greater risk of engaging in drug use to relax or maintain punishing work schedules Such trends among Malaysian drug users warrant investigation.
Global analytical reports from the years to suggest drug use starting at younger ages pre-teens in countries such as the United States, New Zealand, and Australia Similarly, statistics based on admittance to rehabilitation programs in Malaysia from tosuggest drug use being widespread among children aged 13—15 years and older 6.
While statistics on drug use among Australians has consistently pointed to ages 18—24 as the years of most widespread use 14similar statistics for Malaysia have fluctuated since 6. In andadmissions to rehab were highest for users aged 25—29 years.
By contrast, the years and saw to year olds being admitted at the highest rate, while in and those aged 30—34 years were most heavily represented 67. It is not clear what the root of these changes is, but it does appear either that the pattern of drug use in Malaysia are shifting or that, since the legal changes in rehab availability, many users from different walks of life are seeking help who might not have done so in the past.
The latest available statistics on drug types, which were commonly misused by Malaysian drug users incited opiates The possibility that people from many different, non-criminal backgrounds are engaging in drug use is also illustrated by recent research showing individual differences in the ability to use drugs without developing dependence They compared 27 individuals who used cocaine recreationally for a minimum period of 2 years without exhibiting substance-dependent behavior patterns to 50 individuals with stimulant dependence.
Non-dependent, recreational users were able to engage in drug use in social situations without affecting their daily functioning i. Understanding drug use and abuse, thus, is probably more complicated than previous Malaysian statistics suggested, with a much greater number of casual or recreational users among the educated and higher social strata than was previously assumed.
Current study This study thus aimed to broaden our understanding of the issues by taking a different approach.
Rather than just looking at users or those who have been admitted to drug treatment programs, we chose to look at the views and opinions of the general public and non-users about the availability and use of illicit substances in Malaysia. Although previous research involving non-user populations has looked at reasons for non-use of illicit drugs 17 as well as perceptions of risk in Latin American countries 18this kind of research has not been conducted in Malaysia.
Understanding the mind-set of the non-user population, their conceptions and misconceptions about drug use, as well as related attitudes is, we feel, important for evaluating the effectiveness of existing drug education programs as well as for designing government health programs A second goal of this study was to understand the impression among university students, who are generally understood to be at high risk for drug use 20of existing educational programs.
However, there is little information available on the effectiveness of these and other programs conducted at various universities. Thus, this study also obtained qualitative feedback from students on their past experiences with drug education and prevention programs.
The research questions formulated in this study are:The effects of service quality determinants on social networking site-based commerce: the Malaysian customers’ perspective Suaini Sura Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia & Jongchang Ahn Department of Information Systems, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea Correspondence [email protected] In conjunction with a number of external parties, we offer scholarship opportunities to all Malaysian students who fulfil the conditions and requirements specified by .
A caravanserai (/ k ær ə ˈ v æ n s ə ˌ r aɪ /) was a roadside inn where travelers could rest and recover from the day's journey. Caravanserais supported the flow of commerce, information and people across the network of trade routes covering Asia, North Africa and Southeast Europe, especially along the Silk Road..
These were found frequently along . Malaysian Palm Oil Council is charged with spearheading the promotional and marketing activities of Malaysian palm oil in the effort to make it the leading oil in the global oils and fats market.
The purpose of this study is to identify the negative effects of social network sites such as Facebook among Asia Pacific University scholars. The researcher, distributed surveys to students of the chosen university to. The Effect of Social Network on Business Performance in Established Malaysian Academy of SME & Entrepreneurship Development, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia.
Abstract. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of social network on business performance.