Philosophical approaches to the dilemma of death with dignity Elizabeth Telfer Dr Elizabeth Telfer is a senior lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, where she lectures on contemporary moral issues, including euthanasia.
A General History of Euthanasia What we would term euthanasia, has been both practised and condemned by various cultures and civilasions since time immemorial.
In ancient times physicians had a dual role: Hippocrates separated the cure and kill functions of physicians.
The prevailing social conditions of the latter nineteenth century began to favour active euthanasia. In the Nazis replaced the Hippocratic Oath with the Gesundheit, an oath to the health of the Nazi state.
Campaigns for the legalisation of euthanasia are widespread in many countries, with activists challenging through the legal system where they fail in legislature. For almost always, on hearing that anyone had died swiftly and painlessly, he prayed that he and his might have a like euthanasia, for that was the term he was wont to use.
Withdrawal or with-holding treatment was practiced in history, the correct term for this is orthothanasia, which means 'passive death. In orthothanasia, the action of killing is not applied, but, passive actions are present in order to provide death.
The place of euthanasia in the history of medical ethics The actions of easy death have been applied for hopeless patients who have been suffering extreme pain since ancient ages. These actions were forbidden from time to time. In Mesopotamia, Assyrian physicians forbade euthanasia. Again in the old times incurable patients were drowned in the River Ganges in India.
In ancient Israel, some books wrote that frankincense was given to kill incurable patients.
Jewish society, following the teaching of the Bible and the sixth command "thou shall not kill", had rejected centuries ago every theory on shortening the life of handicapped or disadvantaged people. Judaism considered life to be sacred and equated suicide and euthanasia with murder.
One human life is as precious as a million lives, for each is infinite in value This practice was regarded as a way to protect the society from unnecessary burden, or as a way to 'save' the person from the burden of existence.
In ancient Greece, suicide of the patient who was suffering extreme pain and had an incurable terminal illness was made easy and for this reason, the physician gave medicine a poisoned drink to him.
The first objection to euthanasia came from the Hippocratic Oath which says "I will not administer poison to anyone when asked to do so, nor suggest such a course. However, history notes that sickly newborn babies were left outside, overnight, exposed to the elements. Christianity brought more respect to human beings.
Accordingly, every individual has the right to live since God creates human beings and they belong to Him and not themselves. Death is for God to decree, not man. Like Judeo-Christian teaching, Islam also teaches that God is the only one who creates and the only one who may take life away.
The English philosopher, Francis Baconwas the first to discuss prolongation of life as a new medical task, the third of three offices: Preservation of health, cure of disease and prolongation of life. Bacon also asserts that, 'They ought to acquire the skill and bestow the attention whereby the dying may pass more easily and quietly out of life.
The earliest American statute explicitly to outlaw assisting suicide was enacted in New York inAct of Dec.The term Euthanasia originates from the Greek term “eu”, meaning happy or good and “thanatos”, which means death, so the literal definition of the word Euthanasia can be .
A look at euthanasia and assisted suicide through the eyes of five people -- three patients, a doctor, and a hospice nurse, all of whom speak from their hearts, not from a script. 15 Minutes View. Euthanasia is a serious political, moral and ethical issue in today’s society.
Most people either strictly forbid it or firmly favor euthanasia. Although, I have no political background or confirmed religion, I choose to formally educate myself on the matter of euthanasia. Jun 28, · Persuasive Essay on Euthanasia; Persuasive Essay on Euthanasia.
March 4, By fsaad BRONZE, Reno, Nevada. "Be a good person but don't waste time to prove it" View profile. Essay on The Pros and Cons of Euthanasia - Euthanasia, good or bad. In this following article I will be exploring euthanasia in more detail, the different Christian points of view, the strengths and weaknesses of the euthanasia argument and finally my point of view on euthanasia and why I believe this.
Jun 28, · Persuasive Essay on Euthanasia. March 4, By fsaad BRONZE, Reno, Nevada. More by this author Follow fsaad "Be a good person but don't waste time to prove it" View profile.