Did it really happen? Was there a troy like the one Homer describes? Historians are today still trying to prove the existence of troy and the Trojan War.
The short answer is "probably. The Ancient Greeks from the classical period thought the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey and the Dardanelles.
The city Schlieman found is where Troy would have been, and was destroyed at the end of the 13th century. Its location and apparent wealth suggest that it would have been a trade rival to the fpowerful Mycenaeans.
The prize was control of the Aegean. Other parts of the poems appear to have had a historical basis.
Archeologists discovered great bronze age cities on the mainland, the remnants of the Mycenaeans. Archeologists discovered that there was a powerful city in Asia Minor where Troy would have been, which was destroyed at the end of the 13th century.
There were many levels of cities on this site. The one which most likely corresponds with the great war of the Achaeans is Troy VIIwhich was destroyed in BC either by earthquake or by attack. Its location and apparent wealth suggest that it would have been a trade rival to the powerful Mycenaeans.
Archeologists studying Troy found a Mycenean cemetery at Besik Bay, south of Troy, which may have been the Greek landing place - there were over 50 cremations with grave goods, so the Mycenaeans were there.
It is clear that Troy had contact with the Mycenaeans. Trojan pottery imitating the Mycenaean style has been found at the Troy excavations.
But the truth in the poems is only a kernel. Bards modified as they transmitted the poems through the dark centuries. The more interesting the poems, the more enthusiastic the response from their audiences, and the greater the stature of the poet.
And the descriptions became more and more distorted, as features of the dark age culture became part of the poems. For example Homer speaks of iron in weapons, which was common in the iron age civilization of the dark ages, but which would not have been present in Mycenaean culture, a bronze age civilization.
In The Iliad the leaders were cremated as they were in the Iron Age, while the Mycenaeans clearly buried their noble dead in tholos tombs. But around BCE sees the the decline of the Mycenaeans. One theory of the Mycenaean fall may be found in Homer and Greek legends.
The war took a toll on their civilization. When the kings returned they found their power weakened, and were engaged in power struggles. Odysseus, for example, when he finally arrived at Ithica, found his loyal wife Penelope hounded by suitors.
She had reached the point where she had to accept one of them, who would then become the king. Other returning kings, such as Agamemnon, met bad fates. Do these stories have a kernel of truth too? Did the Mycenaean kings have to fight for their place when they came back from Troy?
Were they so weakened by 10 years of war, that they never regained their prosperity and power? Part of The Long-Haired Achaeans - The Mycenaeansa HistoryWiz exhibit copyright HistoryWiz Your purchase of books or other items through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web.View sample Student Essay.
Top Essays. All Essays. The Catcher in the Rye. World War I. Animal Farm. An Assessment of the Contribution of Archaeologists to Our Knowledge of Troy and the Trojan Wars. Trojan War Details Evidence of theTrojan War Trojan War .
Hecuba was written in B.C., Trojan Women was written in B.C., and Iphegenia at Aulis was written around B.C.; each is a reaction to some particular part of the abstracted idea of war. Critics throughout the past have acknowledged the greatness of these works.
Dicuss similarities and differences between Homer’s Iliad and the movie Troy Essay Sample. Dicuss similarities and differences between Homer’s Iliad and the movie Troy Essay Sample. There is ample evidence to show that a Trojan War did occur, and that Homer did look upon the site as his descriptions of the landscape are so accurate.
The Trojan War is a topic many students have likely heard about but that few have explored in depth. This lesson provides teachers with essay. In the light of new archaeological evidence, Barry Strauss re-examines the most fabled war in history in his text The Trojan War: A New History. Strauss returns to the era when the war actually took place, some years before Homer, and examines the epic poems in the context of Bronze Age (ca.
BCE) culture, customs and. Did the Trojan War Really Happen. Home Essay Samples Did the Trojan War Really Happen. There has been no direct answer to the above question. This is because the Trojan War story is a myth or a legend. Most myths or legends have a basis.
We can say that the Trojan War really did happen, although not in that way it has been portrayed by the Greeks.