Overview[ edit ] Industrial relations examines various employment situations, not just ones with a unionized workforce. However, according to Bruce E.
A Historical Perspective of High Performing Teams At the dawn of human existence, it seems most probable that men organized themselves into cooperative groups of families - clans or tribes.
Our primal needs are to be safe from predators, get enough food to eat, and perpetuate our species by nurturing and protecting our young. The tribe is much more effective at meeting these needs than individual families. A group or team of men and women could throw more rocks, or sharp pointed sticks, at a formidable creature than any one individual could working alone.
Given varied intellect, imagination, physical abilities inherent in every group, it seems certain that when hunting or defending men quickly learned to specialize. The weaker or slower, made loud noises and perhaps postured aggressively or pranced around to herd game, while the quicker and stronger moved in for the kill or led the attacking vanguard.
The victorious tribe now had food to eat, or more hunting territory in which to obtain food.
Undoubtedly the successful tribes learned to share the food between the clan members. Probably on Organizational perspective germany basis of need the larger males receiving somewhat more food, the smaller children receiving less.
Unless there was a surplus, in which case everyone ate until they were satiated. So the early tribes were most certainly communistic. Each contributing according to his ability, while each received food according to his need.
In fact, communism remains the basis of most family behavior.
Organizational perspective germany communal nature of tribal life, however, does not present a superior model for the productive organization of businesses and governments.
American Indian tribes have a tradition of sharing. Before the influences of western culture took hold, no individuals held personal or real property, most tribes shared game and produce not only among the other tribe members but often with other tribes.
It was a major taboo to deny another food when requested, even if it meant you might go hungry yourself. George Loskiel, writing in noted that some Indian tribes of the northeast as being "so lazy that they plant nothing themselves, but rely entirely upon the expectation that others will not refuse to share their produce with them.
Since the industrious thus enjoy no more of the fruits of their labor than the idle, they plant less every year. At this point, social cohesion begins to dissolve and individualism increases. Farming contributed greatly to the concept of property, and hence individualism.
Families and individuals who invest the time and energy in a plot of land began to think of it as belonging to them and them alone. Certainly throughout history strong men were able to impose their wills on others and exact a tax of all or part of the excess farm production.
This phenomenon led to new societal models including slavery and the feudal system that arose in the middle ages. But over time the idea of property belonging to individuals won the day in most cultures. At the same time, the growth of trading between individuals and nations led to specialization of production for individuals, regions, and countries as well as the use coinage as a medium of exchange.
With these two factors in play, it became possible for the brighter and more industrious to accumulate wealth and power without the need to resort exclusively to force: Let's examine some teams and see what we can learn from them. One of the original seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramid of Gizaconstructed around 2, BC, represents a clear example of sustained high performance teamwork by an estimatedworkers over a span of 20 years.
Composed of 2 million, 1. Begun an completed within the reign of the pharaoh Khufu approximately 2, BC to 2, BCthe pyramid was either intended as a monument to Khufu's reign or his burial chamber.
In any event, there is little doubt that this massive team worked with a "sense of urgency" to complete the project as quickly as possible. Realizing the threat the Greeks, then organized into city states, sent a 5, volunteers to the mountain pass at Thermopylae in an effort to slow down Xerxes' army and give the rest of the Greeks the chance to pull a combined army together to meet the onslaught.
Led by Spartans, the Greeks were able to halt the Persian advance for 7 days.This approach, the theory triangulation approach, is built on the notion that the use of a single theory or perspective produces a restricted view of organizational reality.
Layder () argues that through the use of several theories one can build a framework in the course of the study drawing on the relevant ideological assumptions of each of the 5/5(3).
An Analysis in the Perspective of Organizational Behaviour. Article (PDF Available) Why Walmart Fails in Germany? An A nalysis in the Perspective of. Organizational . European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (EAWOP) EAWOP Early Career Summer School.
6th EAWOP Early Career Summer School We review the new and growing body of work on power in teams and use this review to develop an emergent theory of how power impacts team outcomes. A Historical Perspective of High Performing Teams.
At the dawn of human existence, it seems most probable that men organized themselves into cooperative groups of families - clans or tribes. Welcome to your first book in organizational communication. This book assumes that you have some background in the field of human communication and probably minimal exposure to the world of organization studies.