Right now, about 99, US Americans are on the active waitlist for kidney transplants. Most will not get kidneys. People are simply not willing to give away the organs others need.
How to Write a Summary of an Article?
Each year thousands of people die while waiting for a kidney transplant. A market for kidney sales is currently illegal in nearly every country. This paper addresses the legal and ethical issues, as well as the economic effects that a legal market would create. The conclusion is that if paying a living donor can be made legal and as ethically acceptable as other medical practices, kidney sales would be economically sound.
The transplant list for those in need of a new organ such as a kidney seems endless. Why is the demand so large? Why are there not enough? Should someone be able to sell his organ to a person in need? Is it legal, ethical or even economically sound to create a market for the sale of a kidney?
What economic effects might there be if kidney sales were legalized? The donor pool consists primarily of deceased donors and some live donors. In First World and middle-income countries, the demand for donor Selling kidneys right or wrong essay has increased.
The populations of these countries live longer and typically develop ailments such as hypertension and diabetes caused by obesity 2 Page which contribute to kidney failure The Economist, Fewer deaths from strokes, heart attacks and motor vehicle accidents have reduced the supply of cadaver donors The Economist, Each year, the wait list grows longer.
Figure 1 illustrates that the demand for kidney transplants has grown faster than the actual supply of kidneys.
As of Januarythere were nearly 95, people waiting for an organ transplant Bramstedt, In a one year period, 7, people died waiting. Of those 7, approximately 4, were waiting for a kidney Bramstedt, The United Network for Organ Sharing UNOS predicts that bythere will be nearlypeople who will have to wait an average of ten years for a renal transplant Bramstedt, If this trend continues, the supply of kidneys will never come close to meeting the demand.
Given this dilemma, it is necessary to at least consider other options to procuring the needed kidneys. A controversial solution is to lift the ban on purchasing kidneys from live donors, or permitting some type of compensation to the families of cadaver donors Castro, Currently, the National Organ Transplant Act of NOTA deems the sale of organs unlawful and those who are found guilty of this act could be fined or sentenced to prison Mayes, This is called a price ceiling.
However, 80, are demanded. There are numerous legal, ethical, and economic questions that are being argued by an array of experts. According to Nancy Scheper-Hughes, who is an anthropologist at the University of California, Berkeley, the demand for human organs would feed off the desperation of the poor who she believes would supply the majority of the organs Hall, n.
Those who make this point believe it would be morally wrong for the wealthy to exploit the poverty of those who would supply the organs in a legalized market Hall, n. A study of paid kidney donors in India showed that selling a kidney initially bettered their economic situation, but did not lead to a lifetime of economic benefit Goyal, Critics claim that the dignity of a human being is denied when his basic parts, such as kidneys, are sold even after he has died and no longer needs them Castro, Although there are a variety of other opinions for not legalizing kidney sales, the two previously mentioned are the ones that are most frequently argued.
First, people have the autonomy or right to self-govern and make their own decisions about what is moral or ethical Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Supporters of this opinion feel that it is not only ethical to sell a kidney, but a right because it is their body and their life.
Indeed the fact that we can give organs and parts of our body away implies that we own them.Dec 06, · Why Selling Kidneys Should Be Legal. By ALEXANDER BERGER DEC. 5, Continue reading the main story Share This Page. Continue reading the main story. San Francisco.
The Sale of Human Organs First published Mon Oct 17, ; substantive revision Thu Oct 22, Organ sale—for example, allowing or encouraging consenting adults to become living kidney donors in return for money—has been proposed as a possible solution to the seemingly chronic shortage of organs for transplantation.
Kidney selling is illegal in every country in the world, except Iran. The shortage of available kidneys for transplantation leaves many people on burdensome dialysis for years, while others die awaiting a functioning kidney.
In the end, some people feel that selling kidneys is just plain wrong, because it somehow violates human dignity or the integrity of the body.
But this kind of disgust at kidney markets is quite. [tags: Medical Essay, Renal, Urology] Free Essays words | ( pages) | The left kidney sits slightly higher than the right due to the position on the right side of the internal cavity of the liver, and on the apex of both kidneys sits an adrenal gland.
The reasons why selling kidneys has advanced quickly is that nowadays many. A study in Chennai, India, found that over 85% of sellers reported a decline in health after kidney removal and that 80% would not recommend that others in similar circumstances sell a kidney.