Counseling Psychology Description The influence of parental marital status and parental conflict on the separation-individuation process of college students was investigated in the present study. Past studies have suggested that parental divorce and parental conflict accelerate separation. However, no studies have measured more than one dimension of separation-individuation. In this study the process of separation-individuation was operationalized as involving three dimensions:
Divorcing parents are usually very concerned about the welfare of their children during this troublesome process. Some parents are so worried that they remain in unhappy marriages, believing it will protect their offspring from the trauma of divorce.
Yet parents who split have reasons for hope. Researchers have found that only a relatively small percentage of children experience serious problems in the wake of divorce or, later, as adults. In this column, we discuss these findings as well as factors that may protect children from the potentially harmful effects of divorce.
Rapid Recovery Divorce affects most children in the short run, but research suggests that kids recover rapidly after the initial blow. In a study psychologist E.
Mavis Hetherington of the University of Virginia and her then graduate student Anne Mitchell Elmore found that many children experience short-term negative effects from divorce, especially anxiety, anger, shock and disbelief.
These reactions typically diminish or disappear by the end of the second year.
Only a minority of kids suffer longer. Most children of divorce also do well in the longer term. In a quantitative review of the literature insociologist Paul R. Amato, then at Pennsylvania State University, examined the possible effects on children several years after a divorce.
The studies compared children of married parents with those who experienced divorce at different ages. The investigators followed these kids into later childhood, adolescence or the teenage years, assessing their academic achievement, emotional and behavior problems, delinquency, self-concept and social relationships.
On average, the studies found only very small differences on all these measures between children of divorced parents and those from intact families, suggesting that the vast majority of children endure divorce well. Researchers have consistently found that high levels of parental conflict during and after a divorce are associated with poorer adjustment in children.
The effects of conflict before the separation, however, may be the reverse in some cases. In a study Hetherington and her associates reported that some children who are exposed to high levels of marital discord prior to divorce adjust better than children who experience low levels.
Apparently when marital conflict is muted, children are often unprepared when told about the upcoming divorce. They are surprised, perhaps even terrified, by the news. In addition, children from high-discord families may experience the divorce as a welcome relief from their parents' fighting.
Taken together, the findings suggest that only a small percentage of young people experience divorce-related problems. Even here the causes of these lingering difficulties remain uncertain. Some troubles may arise from conflict between Mom and Dad associated with the divorce.
The stress of the situation can also cause the quality of parenting to suffer.
Divorce frequently contributes to depression, anxiety or substance abuse in one or both parents and may bring about difficulties in balancing work and child rearing. These problems can impair a parent's ability to offer children stability and love when they are most in need.
Grown-up Concerns The experience of divorce can also create problems that do not appear until the late teenage years or adulthood. In in a book entitled The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce: A 25 Year Landmark Study, Judith Wallerstein, then at the University of California, Berkeley, and her colleagues present detailed case studies suggesting that most adults who were children of divorce experience serious problems such as depression and relationship issues.
Yet scientific research does not support the view that problems in adulthood are prevalent; it instead demonstrates that most children of divorce become well-adjusted adults.Parental alienation is a severe trauma to an important relationship between a parent and their child.
It is pervasive and goes on and on, day in and day out until finally the victims either concedes to the stress of the emotional abuse or fights back with all their might. The objectives of this paper are to describe the effects of parental separation on children who are at different developmental stages and competency levels, and to provide practical advice to physicians about assisting children and families in situations where parental separation is a reality.
The design is considered appropriate for this study being that the work is intended to collect data from small group with view to describing the entire population vis –a – vis determining the effect of parental separation on academic performance of adolescent students Abeokuta metropolis.
The Psychological Effect of Separation on Children Posted on December 1, by Linda Turner When parents are separating, one thing uppermost in the minds of both parties is how it . EFFECTS OF PARENTAL ALIENATION ON THE TARGET PARENT.
The effects of Parental Alienation are widespread, especially in Western democracies. In fact, because of the lack of proper modern laws in these countries, Parental Alienation is often regarded as not being severe enough to cause much alarm when it is addressed in courts.
Jun 18, · "The effect is catastrophic," said Charles Nelson, pediatrics professor at Harvard Medical School. "There's so much research on this that if people paid attention at all to the science, they would.