American Pop Culture and Black Superheroes.
The footage also shows a student protest demonstration at Alameda County Courthouse, Oakland, California. Black Panther Party leaders Huey P. NewtonEldridge Cleaverand Bobby Seale spoke on a point program they wanted from the administration which was to include full employment, decent housing and education, an end to police brutality, and blacks to be exempt from the military.
Black Panther Party members are shown as they marched in uniform. Students at rally marched, sang, clapped hands, and carried protest signs. Police in riot gear controlled marchers. As the wartime jobs which drew much of the black migration "fled to the suburbs along with white residents", the black population was concentrated in poor "urban ghettos" with high unemployment, and substandard housing, mostly excluded from political representation, top universities, and the middle class.
Insurgent civil rights practices proved incapable of redressing these conditions, and the organizations that had "led much of the nonviolent civil disobedience" such as SNCC and CORE went into decline.
In formulating a new politics, they drew on their experiences working with a variety of Black Power organizations. After the police killed Matthew Johnson, an unarmed young black man in San Francisco, Newton observed the violent rebellion that followed.
He had an epiphany that would distinguish the Black Panther Party from the multitude of organizations seeking to build Black Power. Newton saw the explosive rebellious anger of the ghetto as a force, and believed that if he could stand up to the police, he could organize that force into political power.
Inspired by Robert F. Like the Community Alert Patrol in Los Angeles after the Watts Rebellionhe decided to organize patrols to follow the police around to monitor for incidents of brutality.
But with a crucial difference: According to Bobby Seale, they would "sell the books, make the money, buy the guns, and go on the streets with the guns. Newton standing in the street, armed with a Colt.
The BPP is founded. A few months later, they began their first "police" patrols. Black Community News Service. BPP members serve as security escorts for Betty Shabazz.
Denzil Dowell protest in Richmond. Oakland patrols of police The initial tactic of the party utilized contemporary open-carry gun laws to protect Party members when policing the police. This act was done in order to record incidents of police brutality by distantly following police cars around neighborhoods.
The Panthers employed a California law that permitted carrying a loaded rifle or shotgun as long as it was publicly displayed and pointed at no one.
Rallies in Richmond, California The black community of Richmond, Californiawanted protection against police brutality. On May 2,the California State Assembly Committee on Criminal Procedure was scheduled to convene to discuss what was known as the " Mulford Act ", which would make the public carrying of loaded firearms illegal.
Eldridge Cleaver and Newton put together a plan to send a group of 26 armed Panthers led by Seale from Oakland to Sacramento to protest the bill. The group entered the assembly carrying their weapons, an incident which was widely publicized, and which prompted police to arrest Seale and five others.
The group pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges of disrupting a legislative session. In Maythe Panthers invaded the State Assembly Chamber in Sacramentoguns in hand, in what appears to have been a publicity stunt.
Still, they scared a lot of important people that day. At the time, the Panthers had almost no following. Now, a year later however, their leaders speak on invitation almost anywhere radicals gather, and many whites wear "Honkeys for Huey " buttons, supporting the fight to free Newton, who has been in jail since last Oct.
We want power to determine the destiny of our Black Community.Black Panther History: On April 25th, , the first issue of The Black Panther, the party's official news organ, goes into distribution.
In the following month, the party marches on the California state capital fully armed, in protest of the state's attempt to outlaw carrying loaded weapons in public. All the information in the above paragraphs was taken from a book by Joshua Bloom and Waldo E.
Martin called Black Against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party. It's a solid source for base level research and a very good chronicle of the Party, but it doesn't offer too much in the way of critical analysis of those politics.
But according to author Adilifu Nama, the Black Panther Party borrowed its moniker from Alabama’s Lowndes County Freedom Organization, which had adopted a panther logo. The Black Panther's name predates the October founding of the Black Panther Party, though not the black panther logo of the party's predecessor, the Lowndes County Freedom Organization (LCFO), nor the segregated World War II Black Panthers Tank Battalion.
Black Panther Party Origins and History. Search the site GO. History & Culture. African American History The Black Panther Party was founded in by Huey Newton and Boddy Seale in Oakland, California. The History and Origin of the U.S.
Democratic Party. Black Panther History: On April 25th, , the first issue of The Black Panther, the party's official news organ, goes into distribution. In the following month, the party marches on the California state capital fully armed, in protest of the state's attempt to outlaw carrying loaded weapons in public.